Over the last decade academic literature faced a boom of publications devoted to the notion of ecosystem, which resulted in the emergence of various research streams and corresponding fragmentation of the research domain. Existing variety of meanings and contradictory definitions necessitates conducting a thorough literature review on three tightly coupled concepts of innovation ecosystem, business ecosystem and entrepreneurial ecosystem. This study is based upon a mixed technique, which combines bibliometric analysis and in-depth investigation of papers devoted to these research streams. Trough examining their theoretical background, constructing conceptual structures and in-depth analysis we were able to define the essence of innovation, business and entrepreneurial ecosystems as well as their distinctive features. Then we proceed with the comparative analysis of these concepts, which allowed us to outline existing similarities and to demarcate them from an ontological perspective. This study provides certain clarification for the existing conceptual mix in the field of ecosystem research and can be used as a foundation for a further investigation of the concept.
This article aims to investigate the role of waste management in the development of modern green and smart cities and to determine the existence of several key points in programs transforming cities into green cities with smart technologies. The relevance of the research is determined by the need to develop a theoretical and methodological basis for the green and smart city concepts. The research process involved the following methods: Scientific analysis, comparison, and synthesis. The research results of the case study of Russia determined that for urban territories with great distances between urban districts, waste sorting stations should be located as parts of so-called waste recycling complexes at intermunicipal landfills. This will allow a more fully implementation of the concept of recycling economy not only in Russian cities, but also in other cities with sparse populations across the world. Further, the authors conclude that the effectiveness of green technologies in modern cities, especially in waste management, depends on the level of participation of citizens. People are active participants in the life processes of cities and have a direct impact on the urban environment. Consequently, the introduction of green technologies can only be achieved in harmony with the well-established behavioral attitudes of city residents together with the implementation of green and smart urban technologies
The article analyzes the main proposals for changing the railway freight tariff system made by representatives of Russian Railways and the FAS Russia. It is shown what positive and negative consequences for various market participants can have some of the proposals discussed. Some risks are noted that arise when administering tariff reform under conditions of asymmetric information between the monopoly and regulators.
This paper investigates the influence of institutional factors on the ecosystem model of EnergyNet within the Russian power sector. We argue that creation of ecosystem value proposition depends not only from the activities of actors, their positioning and links between them, but from the external environment as well. This environment can be described in terms of availability of resources, essential for ecosystem, possibility of partnership among actors, and state support of innovative activity. This allows to expand the ecosystem model point of view and reveal factors that determine current state of ecosystem development. Preliminary results of the research show disproportion in the assessment of importance to collaborate among big companies and SMEs. We also revealed that state support is considered to be the least important from the participants’ point of view, which seems to be contradictive to the current point of view on innovations in Russia. In addition, we can observe a considerable imbalance in the assessment of availability and importance of various institutional factors.
The paper is devoted to the assessment of the prospects of implementing clean energy sources in Russia, where the current energy policy goal is to increase the role of renewable and clean energy sources. The research is based on data from the Krasnoyarsk Region as one of the largest territories but also as a representative model of Russia. The aim of the study is to identify where and which renewable energy source (solar, wind, hydro and nuclear) has the highest potential. The novelty of our research lies in its holistic nature: authors consider both geographical and technical potential for renewable energy sources development as well as prospective demand for such resources, while previous research is mostly focused on specific aspects of renewable energy development. We also consider the level of air pollution as an important factor for the development of renewable energy sources. The results of the study show that there is a strong potential for clean energy sources in the Krasnoyarsk Region. The resulting matrix identifies the potential of energy sources across all the municipal entities and also indicates whether the source of energy is primary or supplemental and where several sources may be implemented in cooperation.
The trend on electricity grids digitalization is gradually leading to the shift of busi-ness value towards more sustainable and efficient electricity services. Sustainability and efficiency are challenged by the increasing demand for electricity which is fol-lowed by a dramatic transformation of energy systems. While smart grids seem to be crucial in this process, there is a discrepancy in understanding the costs and benefits for the multiple actors involved. In addition, there are benefits of smart grids that cannot be measured directly in terms of money, such as higher energy system reliabil-ity or commitment to carbon reduction. Despite the rise of interest to the managerial aspects of smart grids implementation and development, many aspects remain out of the scope. This paper contributes to the research of smart grids by providing a con-ceptualized business model that would allow for value co-creation, delivery and cap-ture. A Russian energy sector perspective is primarily considered throughout the pa-per and the results are supported by evidence from interviews with of industrial ex-perts
The electric energy industry plays a crucial role in the technological support of digitalization, and this leads to an increase in the requirements for its development. Leading developed countries are currently under energy transition and are creating innovative, intelligent energy systems (IES) of open type, which include active consumers, distributed generation mechanisms and the introduction of renewable energy sources. One can observe a deep structural transformation, expansion of the range of participants and creation of new value chains. The development of digitalization and IES provides with new opportunities for sustainable development of the economy and society. This stage facilitates the creation of new tasks for the investment climate in the power industry, so the development of an institutionalsystem is justified.
The digital transformation of energy market, which is also taking place in Russia, creates a number of challenges for generating companies, which are one of the key players in the industry. In the current conditions, companies need to transform their business model and use new technological solutions to be competitive on the market. The using and applying of new technologies are some kind of competitive advantages for energy companies. The main directions of transformation of generating companies lie in the field of using of renewable energy sources (RES), of development of solutions for distributed generation (since consumers become prosumers) and of solutions for intelligent energy. New financial and demand management technologies allow companies to optimize their own business processes. Digital business transformation is becoming the main source of growth for generating companies.
Purpose: The paper aims at creation of an effective business model of global generating companies performing on Russian market and to develop a transformation plan of business for one of these companies. Design/methodology/approach: The face-to-face interviews with Russian senior management of foreign generating companies were conducted to define the strategic development directions and the key characteristics of target business model. The literature review enables to systematize knowledge about the challenges of both global and Russian energy market and of the energy companies' strategic initiatives. The analysis assisted to incorporate innovative elements into new business model of generating companies and to determine the stages of its transformation, taking one of these companies as an example. Findings: Generating companies' performance is influenced by Russian energy market institutional features. The key directions for companies' development are to increase the share of generating capacity working on RES and to diversify activities. According to these findings, the target business model was created and the scalable plan of refined business model adaptation in a particular generating company was suggested. Research/practical implications: The findings of the paper appear in elaboration of the methodological approach towards the transformation of foreign generating companies' business models on Russian market. Strategic vision of market evolution and key characteristics of business acticities will let managers create state-of-the-art business model. Adoption of the model in diverse foreign generating companies accumulates the data about the challenges of this process. This fact might give the ground for future research in this field. Originality/value: Review of the differencies between foreign generating companies' business model in both global and Russian energy sectors. New business model including renewed elements of Russian generating companies and a plan for business model adaptation.
The article analyzes the main results of the work of railway transport in the field of freight transportation in 2018, studies the dynamics of the loading of the most important goods transported by railways and considers the prospects until 2025.
Achievements of Chinese manufacturing industries are well known and thoroughly studied. Less analyzed are the achievements of China in advanced sectors of the post-industrial economy, namely in creative and cultural industries. Whereas the development of creative and cultural industries within the context of the modern knowledge-based and creative economy is well researched, the role and place of creative industrial parks is to great extent neglected, despite the fact that they are actively used in developed countries as tools to stimulate creative sectors of economies.
The article investigates the role of creative industrial parks in the successful development of creative and cultural industries in China. The authors show that the development of the infrastructure for creative and cultural industries in China is accompanied by the establishment of many creative clusters. In many cases, in the center of a creative cluster there are one or several industrial creative parks, which attempt to combine the focus on high technologies and creative sectors. The authors found that governmental agencies in China stimulate decentralized, open to foreign influences and private initiatives approach to creative and cultural industries regulation. The most interesting trend, identified in the article, is that regional and municipal authorities stimulate technological advancements of creative parks, which leads to the transformation of creative parks to creative technological parks. These creative technoparks encourage integration of creative and cultural industries with telecommunications and information technologies and enhance the spillover effect of the innovative potential of creative technological parks in traditional sectors of the economy.
The article is devoted to assessing the level of competition in the services market of railway rolling stock operators using the Herfindahl-Hirschman index (and, for reference, the concentration index) in dynamics for 2011-2019, as well as for 2019, not only for the operators market as a whole, but also for certain types of rolling stock (the market for the transportation of goods in open wagons, in covered wagons, tanks, grain carriers, cement trucks, universal and fitting platforms). It is shown that, firstly, today the market for operator services is quite competitive, the level of concentration on it can be considered low; and secondly, in general, the level of competition in the operators' market, despite some fluctuations, has tended to increase over the past 9 years.
The article analyzes the main results of the work of railway transport in the field of transportation of goods of the fuel and energy complex (FEC) in 2018. and also considered the dynamics of traffic in 2000-2018. The most important factors influencing the dynamics of railway transportation of coal and oil cargoes are shown. The prospects for the transportation of goods by the fuel and energy complex to 2025 are considered.